Crystal meth addiction explained
Methamphetamine, commonly referred to as methamphetamine, is a central nervous system stimulant initially synthesized in 1919 as a synthetic alternative to ephedrine. Although some methamphetamine-containing drugs are legally manufactured and distributed, the street drug crystal methamphetamine is illegal and abused.
Meth is an artificial stimulant used frequently in World War II to keep soldiers alert and awake. Currently, this drug is strictly prohibited, and the only legal methamphetamine product is a rarely prescribed tablet in the treatment of obesity and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
The drug produces a “high” sensation that quickly fades, causing the user to take frequent doses to maintain a feeling of euphoria. It is this powerful rush that methamphetamine produces that hooks a person from the start.
When consumed, it causes the production of dopamine, a chemical that floods the parts of the brain that control pleasure. Users also become more energetic and confident when they use the drug. This is exactly what leads to addiction because the user will do their best to experience that rush again. This continuous use of the drug results in a body building tolerance, as the user will need higher doses to get the same high level. Get Secret Help Now
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What is crystal meth?
Methamphetamine (meth) is a colorless, odorless, crystalline powder with a sour taste that dissolves easily in water or alcohol. It is often used as an illegal substance. Its chemical properties are similar to the mother drug, amphetamine. Amphetamine is a drug used to treat medical conditions such as obesity, narcolepsy, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Unlike amphetamine, methamphetamine is mostly consumed illegally due to the pleasurable effects it produces.
Methamphetamine was developed from amphetamine in the early 20th century and was initially described as a nasal decongestant and bronchial inhaler. Like amphetamine, the drug causes chatter and increased activity, euphoria, a pleasurable sense of well-being and decreased appetite.
Methamphetamine differs from amphetamine in that when taken in the same dose, a greater amount of the substance enters the brain. This makes meth a stronger stimulant that is dangerous when abused. Methamphetamine also has lasting and dangerous effects on the central nervous system.
Methamphetamine may be prescribed for ADHD and short-term weight loss treatments. However, these uses are very limited and are rarely prescribed by doctors. When it is prescribed, it is usually in doses much lower than those usually abused.
Analysis of the chemical components of the method
Methamphetamine can be described as a chemical compound containing two variants, levomemphetamine and dextromethamphetamine.
At room temperature, methamphetamine is a white, crystalline substance with the smell of geranium leaves. The substance easily dissolves in ethanol, diethyl ether and chloroform. Its melting point is between 171 and 175 °C (338 to 347 °F).
Chemical formula – C10H15N
The molecular formula C10H15N (molar mass: 149.23 g/mol, minute mass: 149.120449) refers to methamphetamine (CAS-537-46-2). It belongs to the phenethylamine family, which includes a group of substances that may be enactogens, hallucinogens or stimulants.
Methods of taking crystal meth
Crystal meth is produced in many forms and can be given, used, and abused in various ways as well.
The most common routes of administration are injection, smoking, swallowing a pill or snoring. Some bold individuals may administer the drug rectally or even vaginally.
Therefore the oral method is the traditional medical method of administering methamphetamine. Currently, users still take methamphetamine orally with homemade or processed pills. When taken orally, the user feels the effects within 15 to 20 minutes. Oral ingestion is mainly preferred when the drug is prescribed for medicinal purposes because it does not produce a strong rush or a feeling of euphoria.
Intravenous injection or infusion is the process of giving drugs directly into a person’s bloodstream using a tube or needle. It can also be given through an intravenous catheter, which is a thin plastic tube inserted into the user’s vein. This allows multiple safe doses of medication to be given without puncturing the person with a needle each time.
Some users may choose to give methamphetamine intravenously to experience a rapid rush. This may carry a high risk of contracting blood-borne infections such as HIV and hepatitis B due to sharing needles.
Intramuscular injection is a technique used in modern medicine to deliver medication deep into the muscle. This allows the drug to be quickly absorbed into the bloodstream, and the effects can be felt within minutes. Intramuscular injections can be given in a doctor’s office. However, people may continue to self-administer intramuscular injections, especially for illegal purposes.
For a faster “blink” effect, people who abuse methamphetamine opt for intramuscular injections rather than intravenous injections because it is less complicated.
Under the skin
A subcutaneous injection is a method of giving medication under the skin. This technique involves using a small needle to inject medication into the layer of tissue between the skin and muscle. Medicine given in this way is absorbed more slowly than if it were injected into a vein and may take about 24 hours to be fully absorbed.
Clinically, this type of injection is preferred when other methods of administration are less effective. This method is uncommon among methamphetamine users because its effects take longer to be felt.
Like other forms of injection, subcutaneous injections also carry a high risk of developing blood-borne infections.
Data from the National Institute on Drug Abuse’s Community Epidemiological Working Group identified smoking as the most common method of methamphetamine abuse. Users prefer to smoke the methamphetamine hydrochloride salt without changing its shape or adding something else. In this crystalline or “icy” form, the material takes on the appearance of a blue and white rock. Users can also smoke crystal meth in a small glass tube called a flute.
The Office of National Drug Policy identifies methamphetamine smoking as the route most likely to lead to addiction. Smoking the methamphetamine user gives the biggest rush, producing effects in seconds – hence its popularity among users.
This is one of the most unusual ways to administer methamphetamine. The rectal bioavailability of methamphetamine has not been well researched or determined, but studies have revealed that intestinal absorption of the psychostimulant via the mouth is good, with relatively low protein binding.
The volume of distribution is approximately similar to that of oral methamphetamine absorption through the rectal mucosa and may result in the rapid delivery of large amounts of the drug into the systemic circulation via the anal-venous circulation. It is reported that when methamphetamine is administered via rectal routes, it takes about 3 to 5 minutes to be absorbed into the body.
Users may prefer to inhale the medication by inhaling the substance, usually in the form of a pill or powder, through the nose. This mode of administration is also referred to as nasal blowing.
Inhaled methamphetamine is one method of rapid ingestion because the psychoactive drug bypasses the gastrointestinal tract, including the liver, where the drug has been metabolized. When the drug is inhaled, it travels directly into the bloodstream through the blood vessels in the nasal cavity and quickly travels to the brain, affecting the brain receptors responsible for the production of dopamine.
Medicines may be administered vaginally in cases where the drug is poorly absorbed orally. The vaginal route has been used for drug delivery since antiquity and has been rediscovered as a potential route for systemic delivery of peptides and therapeutic macromolecules.
There are no cases or incidents related to the vaginal administration of methamphetamine. This may be due to poor absorption of the psychoactive drug through the vaginal epithelium. Get Secret Help Now
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Legal Meth Class – Class A
Also previously, methamphetamine was classified as a Class B drug, except where the drug was being prepared for medicinal purposes. On January 18, 2007, the psychoactive drug was classified as a Class I drug under the Misuse of Substances Act 1971 after extensive deliberation by the Misuse Advisory Board in June 2006.
This made the possession, sale, transportation and production of methamphetamine illegal. A 2013 BBC news article stated that the UK government had no problem with methamphetamine, as it was mostly restricted to the male gay party scene.
Trade names and synonyms
Street slang for meth
crystal glass crystal meth
Christina, Tina, Kris, Kristi
chalk, chalk dust
Geep, getter, getgo, go fast
rubbish, rubbish, laundry
White cross, white crunch
Hot meth, super meth
LA . glass
Go jo jo meth
Terms to describe someone using meth
obsessed with speed
What is crystal meth addiction?
Crystal meth is in the same category as cocaine and works as a stimulant and anorectic, or an appetite suppressant.
Crystal meth is highly addictive because the psychoactive drug excites parts of the brain responsible for pleasure. When a person stops using the drug, they may not be able to feel pleasure, which in most cases leads to a relapse. Many users end up damaging vital organs as their addiction is exacerbated by this dangerous cycle.
Ephedrine, or pseudoephedrine, is the main ingredient in methamphetamine that acts as a stimulant. Continued use of methamphetamine causes the body to become accustomed to the effects of the drug, making the user dependent on it.