What are hallucinogens?
Hallucinations Without Drugs We all know the uniqueness of the human mind, and over thousands and millions of years it has evolved to become very complex.
However, the 130 billion neurons are considered very fragile, and things quickly get complicated when a particular communication error occurs or if a neural pathway is blocked.
It is also surprising that even without an accident or disease of the brain, we can still easily stimulate and deceive it to see and hear things that don’t exist, apart from drug or drug abuse, by treating them properly.
How to hallucinate away from drug use or medication?
In 2016, Scam School’s YouTube channel @ posted; A video showing how to create a state of complete solitude (also known as sensory deprivation) using simple household items, which stimulate the brain to produce audiovisual hallucinations.
To do this experiment, you will need:
White paper (as used in printing): to isolate light.
Stationery: scissors, tape, rope and stapler.
A 30-minute YouTube video that contains “white noise” that sounds like TV jamming.
Noise canceling headphone.
The idea of the experiment is to isolate the brain from outside influences.
To isolate the light, use white stationery paper and ties to create a similar sleep cover, as the eye cover does not isolate the light enough.
Use medical cotton inside the nose to isolate the sense of smell, and headphones to isolate noise, then lie down and play the video.
Effects usually begin to appear after about 10-30 minutes.
Participants in the video reported that after 20 minutes they saw a bloom of hallucinogenic colors, such as those that occur when rubbing the eyelid, that quickly began to form strange shapes, such as the silhouettes of dinosaurs, jellyfish and the eye of Sauron.
One participant heard screaming, the other heard laughter.
Two years earlier, Derek from @Vitasium on YouTube did a similar experiment to test the idea that a lack of external influences could make you crazy, so he locked himself in a soundproofed room with no lighting for 45 minutes. Derek wasn’t crazy but he felt some emotions Alien.
Derek commented about his experience, “Probably the strangest thing I ever felt was the feeling of my heart moving, it was pumping wildly, and I could feel the blood rushing through my body.
It wasn’t as if I could hear it, but somehow I could feel it, my heart was shaking my body,” and it was very strange; Below is an explanation of what happened in the two experiments.
This phenomenon is called the Ganzfeld effect, and the effect describes how exposure to an effect is disorganized and uniform — such as television noise.
It will stimulate the brain to amplify the neural noise in order to find the missing visual signals, as it can amplify this which can lead to visual and auditory hallucinations, which vary from person to person.
In a study conducted in 2015 by the British Center for Mental Health Research, researchers showed similar results, in which volunteers were asked to stare into each other’s eyes for 10 minutes in a row, and after the participants in the experiment reported that they felt a strange feeling that they had not tried before.
Sauron: A fictional character written by J.R.R. Tolkien, featured in the “Lord of the Rings” series.
What happens in the brain during hallucinations?
Hallucinations can affect a person for several reasons, including the consumption of hallucinogenic substances, or the presence of a sign (schizophrenia).
What are the brain mechanisms that explain hallucinations?
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), a manual issued by the American Psychiatric Association, defines hallucinations as.
Experiences and behaviors in a state of consciousness, which occur without an external stimulus, and are quite palpable and tangible with the full effects of normal perception, although not under control, nor do they occur voluntarily or voluntarily.
The use of drugs often causes hallucinations, according to our understanding of the circumstances of their occurrence, and despite the neurological and cerebral conditions, we have not yet discovered the details of the occurrence of hallucinations in the brain.
A team of researchers at the University of Oregon in Eugene recently sought to uncover more information about the effect of hallucinations on brain activity.
So the study was conducted on mouse models, and it revealed some surprises that the researchers presented in a research paper in the journal. Cell reports.
Some surprising results:
The researchers injected mice with a substance called (2.5-dimethoxy-4-iodamphetamine) (DOI), a hallucinogen used in animal research, like other hallucinogens such as:
Amyl diethyl Lysergic Acid (LSD stands for Lysergsäurediethylamid), DOI interacts with serotonin 2A receptors, which are involved in serotonin uptake, and have many, but not yet known, roles in the brain.
Once the mice were injected with this drug, the researchers displayed a number of images on screens, and used specialized methods to monitor changes in the mice’s brain activity.
Contrary to what the team expected, the mice experienced a weak signal in the visual cortex, an area somewhat responsible for interpreting visual information, and their neuron firing times changed.
“You might expect visual hallucinations to occur in neurons in the brain, which fire off crazy stimuli, or through mismatched signals,” said lead author Chris Neal, associate professor at the University of Oregon.
“But we were surprised that the hallucinations reduced their activity in the cerebral cortex, but in the context of visual processing, that seemed to make sense,” he says.
The researchers found that the visual signals that reach the visual cortex are similar to those that occur under the influence of hallucinations, which indicates that the brain receives visual signals normally, but incorrectly interprets and processes them.
What are hallucinogens?
It is a variety of chemicals that can cause disturbances in the realization of reality, as well as intense thoughts, sounds and sensations. But it doesn’t really exist; This is called hallucinogens, and these substances can be found in some types of plants and fungi and their extracts, where they can be chemically synthesized.
So people in ages used them more often during certain rituals, but now these substances are used for the purpose of fun and entertainment, but they can be very dangerous.
Causing severe reactions and complications in the short term, and some of them also caused addiction, psychological disorders and stamina in the long term.
For more reading, you can follow the following topic: hallucinogenic drugs and what are their types