The diagnosis of drug and drug misuse is based on identifying patterns of behavior that are maladaptive or problematic for substance abuse. This pattern is characterized by the presence of at least one of the following manifestations during a twelve-month period. Repeated drug use leads to inability to perform basic duties at work at school or at home. Recurring in a situation of physical danger Recurring legal problems associated with drug use Continuous use despite the social problems caused by the drugs or exacerbated their occurrence. Diagnostic Principal Patterns for Use-Related Disorders Use disorder is identified in three main diagnostic patterns: dependence or misuse, intoxication, withdrawal, and psychotic substance abuse syndromes.
Types of drug abuse:
Not all drug abusers on some occasions or experimenting with drugs are addicted to it in this sense. Drug abusers have been entered into three categories, namely:
Usage Experimental Experimental Use
Experimental abuse expresses a situation in which a person takes drugs from one to three times in his life. His motives are often curious to explore their conditions. Intentional or unintentional publicity by friends and sometimes the media is one of the factors that push young people to take drugs.
Usage occasionnel: Accidental or circumstantial use means that a person takes drugs from time to time and may not exceed once or twice a month, so he does not feel dependent on him and does not take it unless it is easily available and drug use is usually spontaneous rather than premeditated and may continue to use if some psychological factors are available Social.
Usage RegulierRegular use
This level is considered an advanced stage compared to the previous two stages in the drug abuser’s attachment to drugs. It means the continuous and regular use of drugs. The abuser’s access to this stage is linked to psychological factors such as depression, anxiety, despair and frustration more than it is related to external factors such as the media and the influence of friends.
Pharmaco Dépendance: Heavy or compulsive use
The most important characteristic of heavy or compulsive abuse is daily abuse, as it may be consuming large amounts for a period of days. An addict is any individual who compulsively uses drugs that harm his health and also loses the ability to control himself in relation to his addiction. The degree of control of the drug over the life of the individual is the central factor in abuse Compulsive disorder and the individual is psychologically and sometimes physically dependent on the drug, and problems may appear, difficulty in adapting to social life, and his relationships begin to deteriorate with
His family, friends and those around him.
The most important drug classifications:
According to statistics for the year 1987, narcotic substances exceed 500 compounds, all of which are characterized by their effect on the abuser and the addict and lead to health problems, and due to the presence of many types of drugs, some researchers have considered the need to classify them so that it is easier for specialists to deal with these data. The German pharmacist Levin, which depends on the principle of the effect of drugs and includes its classification into five groups and according to their effect, which are as follows:
Stimulants and hallucinogens include substances that lead to sugar such as alcohol, intoxicants and hypnotics and include substances that excite the nervous system such as coffee and stimuli such as khat. There is another classification based on the principle of influence and includes three groups: On amphetamine, barbituric and tramadol, there are other classifications based on the color of the drug. The drugs have been divided into white drugs: it includes morphine, heroin and cocaine, and black drugs: hashish includes opium.